Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Schult.

 
  • Family : ASCLEPIADACEAE
    (Milkweed Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AAK FAMILY (आक फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : APOCYNACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Gymnema alterniflorum (Lour.) Merr.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm.
  • Common name : Periploca of the woods, Sugar killer vine, Small Indian Ipecac, Gymnema
  • Vernacular name : Gudmar, Merashingi (Hindi); Madhu nashini, Kodapatre, Kadasige (Kannada); Sirukurinja, Sarkarikolli, Adigam, Cherukurinja, Kannuminnayam kodi, Pasaani (Tamil); Poda patri, Chinna paalateega, Putta podara, Putta bhadra (Telugu); Mera-singi (Oria); Chakkarakolli, Madhunaasini, Sarkarakolli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Scrub jungles and hill slopes to 800m on thickets, by shola borders
  • Comments / notes : Occasional; the leaves, if chewed, temporarily destroy the sense of sweet taste.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-March
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 09/07/2009
  • Collection Nos : FAP 37660
  • Collection Locality : K.K. Kottala, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Guntur district, Kurnool district, Prakasam district, Kadapa district,
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Puri district, Cuttack district, Ganjam district, Bargarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, tropical Africa
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan District; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gymnema sylvestre. Downloaded on 6 April 2020.

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