Eranthemum capense L.

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (ACANTHUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Basionym : Justicia montana Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Eranthemum montanum (Roxb.) Roxb.; Daedalacanthus montanus (Roxb.) T. Anderson
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Eranthemum capense L.
  • Vernacular name : Krungu (Tamil)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills above 500m and also on shola floors
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Navendu Page, Raja K. Swamy & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 24/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0634
  • Collection Locality : Kolli Hills Ghat road, Namakkal district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Fairly common in the forest undergrowth
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Dindigul district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Eranthemum capense. Downloaded on 15 September 2019.

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