Caralluma umbellata Haworth

 
  • Family : ASCLEPIADACEAE
    (MILKWEED FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Basionym : Stapelia umbellata Roxb.; Caralluma campanulata (Wight) N.E. Br.
  • Synonym(s) : Boucerosia umbellata Wight & Arn.; Desmidorchis umbellata (Roxb.) Decne.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Caralluma umbellata Haw.
  • Vernacular name : Pussur (Hindi); Kalmulaiyaan, Sirunkalli, Yerumai kannimulliyan (Tamil); Kundeti kommulu, Jinka kommulu, Kandalangay (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Scrub jungle
  • Comments / notes : Abundant on foothills to 1300m; characteristically among exposed rocks in scrub and dry deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 21/01/2010
  • Collection Nos : FAP 37947
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Nellore district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Hassan district, Chitradurga district, Davanagare district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Ganjam district, Gajapati district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Villipuram district, Tiruvannamalai district, Dharmapuri district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Caralluma umbellata. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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