Aristolochia indica L.

 
  • Family : ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
    (BIRTHWORT FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Aristolochiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aristolochia indica L.
  • Common name : Indian Birthwort
  • Vernacular name : Esharmul (Hindi); Eshwariballi (Kannada); Perumarunthukodi, Urikkachedi, Thazhaisuruli kodi, Kozhikkundu (Tamil); Eshwari (Sanskrit); Eshwaramulla, Garudakodi, Iswaramooli, Kadalivegam, Karalakam, Karandavalli, Kudukkamooli, Urithoongi, Urikizhangu (Malayalam); Panairi, Panari, Gopakanna, Iswarmula, Oyidi, Bal-bolena (Oria); Nagasara, Iswariveru (Telugu); Eswar mul (Hindi)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Open dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains from the coast, on thickets in scrub jungles, on wayside, by river banks. Common in Peninsular India
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R & Raja K.Swamy; C.J. Saldanha & S.R. Ramesh
  • Collection Date : 26/11/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-151; KFP 2503
  • Collection Locality : Tirumala Hills, Chittoor district (AP); BR Hills, Chamarajanagar district (KA)
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aristolochia indica. Downloaded on 23 August 2019.

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