Pinanga dicksonii (Roxb.) Scheffer

 
  • Family : ARECACEAE
    (Palm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NARIYAL FAMILY (नारियल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ARECACEAE
  • Basionym : Areca dicksonii Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pinanga dicksonii (Roxb.) Blume
  • Common name : Ivory crownshaft Palm, Wild Betel nut
  • Vernacular name : Kadu Adike (Kannada); Kanakamugu, Kattukuamugu, Mala-adakka, Kattupackumaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Palm (Cluster)
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Nuts are eaten by tribals as a substitute for betel nut. Common in evergreen forests of Western Ghats at elevations 490-980 m.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-April
  • Collection Nos : HFP 2667, CJS 13164
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Shivamogga district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Hassan district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.; Henry, Chithra & Balakrishnan (1989). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 3.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pinanga dicksonii. Downloaded on 7 December 2021.

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