Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb.

 
  • Family : ARECACEAE
    (Palm Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NARIYAL FAMILY (नारियल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : ARECACEAE
  • Basionym : Elate sylvestris L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Wild Date Palm, Thoddy Palm, Date sugar palm, Indian date Palm
  • Vernacular name : Ichalu mara (Kannada); Eechamaram, Periya eecahm (Tamil); Shindi (Marathi); Kattinta (Malayalam); Khajuri, Khejur, Kojari (Oria); Pedda-ita (Telugu); Khajuri (Hindi)
  • Habit : Palm (Columnar)
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains in scrub jungles and wastelands. The floral apex is tapped for Toddy
  • Flower, Fruit : January-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Amravati district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Jalgaon district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Nashik district, Osmanabad district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Hills of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : Introduced elsewhere
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3. pp. 951; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Phoenix sylvestris. Downloaded on 3 April 2020.

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