Cocos nucifera L.

 
  • Family : ARECACEAE
    (PALM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Arecaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cocos nucifera L.
  • Common name : Coconut Palm
  • Vernacular name : Kalpavriksha, Narikelavrksah, Narikelah (Sanskrit); Narial-ka-Ped, Narial (Hindi); Thengina mara (Kannada); Thennai (Tamil); Narel (Marathi); Thengu (Malayalam); Nadia, Nodia (Oria); Narial, Nari, Narikelamu, Tenkaya (Telugu)
  • Habit : Palm (Columnar)
  • Comments / notes : Extensively cultivated throughout. Wood is used for building purposes. The fibrous mesocarp of the fruit yeilds the coir fibre used for ropes, nets. Sap of the peduncle yeilds toddy. The kernel of the fruit is edible and yeilds an edible oil.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Cultivated
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Nagpur district, Osmanabad district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
  • Native : Madagascar
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in most parts of Topics of the world.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2011 - Palms of Karnataka; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cocos nucifera. Downloaded on 18 November 2019.

Botanical Description

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.