Borassus flabellifer L.

 
  • Family : ARECACEAE
    (PALM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Arecaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Borassus flabellifer L.
  • Common name : Palmyra Palm, Thoddy Palm
  • Vernacular name : Taltar, Tal, Tari (Hindi); Thale mara (Kannada); Panai, Panaimaram (Tamil); Tala (Sanskrit); Tad, Tadi, Tar (Marathi); Ampana, Karimbana (Malayalam); Talo, Tall, Tala (Oria); Tadi chellu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Palm (Columnar)
  • Habitat : Common near the sea coasts
  • Comments / notes : Introduced and cultivated in Indo-Malesia and Australis; often by arid plains and along bunds in paddy fields and road sides. The sap from the palm is extracted and used as a fermented beverage locally (Toddy).
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district, Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
  • World Distribution : Africa, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India to Indo-China, Siam, Java, Lesser sunda Islands, Australia, Sunda, New Guinea, Queensland
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons, Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3. pp. 1015; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Borassus flabellifer. Downloaded on 14 October 2019.

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