Areca catechu L.

 
  • Family : ARECACEAE
    (PALM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Arecaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Areca catechu L.
  • Common name : Beetle nut Palm, Areca nut Palm, Areca palm, Pinang
  • Vernacular name : Supari (Hindi); Adike mara (Kannada); Kamugu, Pakku (Tamil); Puga (Sanskrit); Supari (Marathi); Adakkamaram, Adakka, Chempalukka, Kavungu, Kazhangu, Pakku (Malayalam); Vakka, Poka-vakka (Telugu); Gua (Oria); Supari (Hindi)
  • Habit : Palm (Columnar)
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated throughout on foothills and plains where there is good irrigation facility. The nuts are used by locals and also sold commercially as Beetle nut.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Cultivated
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Nagpur district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Cultivated
    • Tamil Nadu : Cultivated
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1996- Flora of Orissa Vol. 4; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District, Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Areca catechu. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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