Hygrophila balsamica (L.f.) Rafin

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (ACANTHUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Species : Hygrophila balsamica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved
  • Key identification features : Aquatic viscid tall herbs, rooting at lower nodes; Branchlets quadrangulare; Leaves opposite heterophyllous; Flowers axillary; Calyx lobed, nerved, green with a white midrib; Corolla white, tubular, lobed; Stamens four in no.; filaments white; Anthers blue; Ovary oblong with the presence of nectariferous glands at base; Fruit a hairy capsule with many brown seeds.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • Comments : Often on plains in low-lying clayey soil, on moist ground by watercourses, irrigation canals and in harvested fields.
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Distribution Locality : Tamil Nadu State; East Godavari district, West Godavari district (Andhra Pradesh State); Ganjam district, Gajapati district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-3. .
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Hygrophila balsamica. Downloaded on 4 March 2024.

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Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.